endothelium

[ en-doh-thee-lee-uh m ]
/ ˌɛn doʊˈθi li əm /

noun, plural en·do·the·li·a [en-doh-thee-lee-uh] /ˌɛn doʊˈθi li ə/.

a type of epithelium composed of a single layer of smooth, thin cells that lines the heart, blood vessels, lymphatics, and serous cavities.

Origin of endothelium

1870–75; endo- + New Latin -thelium; cf. epithelium

Related forms

en·do·the·li·al, adjectivesub·en·do·the·li·al, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for endothelium

British Dictionary definitions for endothelium

endothelium

/ (ˌɛndəʊˈθiːlɪəm) /

noun plural -lia (-lɪə)

a tissue consisting of a single layer of cells that lines the blood and lymph vessels, heart, and some other cavities

Derived Forms

endothelial, adjectiveendothelioid, adjective

Word Origin for endothelium

C19: New Latin, from endo- + -thelium, from Greek thēlē nipple
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for endothelium

endothelium

[ ĕn′dō-thēlē-əm ]

n. pl. en•do•the•li•a (-lē-ə)

A thin layer of flat epithelial cells that lines serous cavities, lymph vessels, and blood vessels.

Related forms

en′do•theli•al adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for endothelium

endothelium

[ ĕn′dō-thēlē-əm ]

Plural endothelia

A thin layer of flat epithelial cells that lines the lymph vessels, blood vessels, and the inner cavities of the heart. Compare mesothelium.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.