[ en-doh-thee-lee-uh m ]
/ ˌɛn doʊˈθi li əm /
noun, plural en·do·the·li·a [en-doh-thee-lee-uh] /ˌɛn doʊˈθi li ə/.
a type of epithelium composed of a single layer of smooth, thin cells that lines the heart, blood vessels, lymphatics, and serous cavities.
endothelial dystrophy of cornea
, endothelial myeloma
, endothoracic fascia
Related formsen·do·the·li·al, adjectivesub·en·do·the·li·al, adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for endothelium
The iris becomes attached to the pectinate ligament and to the endothelium of Descemet's membrane.
Changes were found in the endothelium of the blood vessels, the axis cylinders of nerves, and the muscles.
In phlebitis the latter are found in the endothelium and in the sheaths of the veins.
Nor can it be stated positively that the endothelium has not been injured by a secondary toxic or bacterial factor.
British Dictionary definitions for endothelium
noun plural -lia (-lɪə)
a tissue consisting of a single layer of cells that lines the blood and lymph vessels, heart, and some other cavities
Derived Formsendothelial, adjectiveendothelioid, adjective
Word Origin for endothelium
C19: New Latin, from endo- + -thelium, from Greek thēlē nipple
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medicine definitions for endothelium
n. pl. en•do•the•li•a (-lē-ə)
A thin layer of flat epithelial cells that lines serous cavities, lymph vessels, and blood vessels.
Related formsen′do•the′li•al adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Science definitions for endothelium
A thin layer of flat epithelial cells that lines the lymph vessels, blood vessels, and the inner cavities of the heart. Compare mesothelium.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.