- any tree of the genus Ulmus, as U. procera (English elm), characterized by the gradually spreading columnar manner of growth of its branches.Compare American elm, elm family.
- the wood of such a tree.
Origin of elm
before 1000; Middle English, Old English; cognate with Old High German elm; akin to Old Norse almr, Latin ulmus
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for english elm
- any ulmaceous tree of the genus Ulmus, occurring in the N hemisphere, having serrated leaves and winged fruits (samaras): cultivated for shade, ornament, and timber
- the hard heavy wood of this tree
Old English elm; related to Old Norse almr, Old High German elm, Latin ulmus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for english elm
Old English elm, from Proto-Germanic *elmaz (cf. Danish elm, Old Norse almr, Old High German elme), perhaps from PIE root *el- "red, brown" (see elk); cognate with Latin ulmus, Old Irish lem. German Ulme, Dutch olm are from or influenced by the Latin word.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper