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eukaryote

or eu·car·y·ote

[yoo-kar-ee-oht, -ee-uh t]
noun Biology.
  1. any organism having as its fundamental structural unit a cell type that contains specialized organelles in the cytoplasm, a membrane-bound nucleus enclosing genetic material organized into chromosomes, and an elaborate system of division by mitosis or meiosis, characteristic of all life forms except bacteria, blue-green algae, and other primitive microorganisms.
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Compare prokaryote.

Origin of eukaryote

< New Latin Eukaryota, earlier Eucaryotes (1925) “those having a true nucleus,” equivalent to eu- eu- + Greek káry(on) nut, kernel (see karyo-) + New Latin -ota, -otes; see -ote
Related formseu·kar·y·ot·ic [yoo-kar-ee-ot-ik] /yuˌkær iˈɒt ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for eukaryotic

eukaryote

eucaryote

noun
  1. any member of the Eukarya, a domain of organisms having cells each with a distinct nucleus within which the genetic material is contained. Eukaryotes include protoctists, fungi, plants, and animalsCompare prokaryote
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Derived Formseukaryotic or eucaryotic (ˌjuːkærɪˈɒtɪk), adjective

Word Origin for eukaryote

from eu- + karyo- + -ote as in zygote
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for eukaryotic

adj.

also eucaryotic, "characterized by well-defined cells (with nuclei and cell walls)," 1957, from French eucaryote (1925), from Greek eu "well" (see eu-) + karyon "nut, kernel" (see karyo-). Related: Eukaryote; eucaryote.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

eukaryotic in Medicine

eukaryote

n.
  1. A single-celled or multicellular organism whose cells contain a distinct membrane-bound nucleus.
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Related formseu•kar′y•otic (-ŏtĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

eukaryotic in Science

eukaryote

[yōō-kărē-ōt]
  1. An organism whose cells contain a nucleus surrounded by a membrane and whose DNA is bound together by proteins (histones) into chromosomes. The cells of eukaryotes also contain an endoplasmic reticulum and numerous specialized organelles not present in prokaryotes, especially mitochondria, Golgi bodies, and lysosomes. The organelles are enclosed in a three-part membrane (called a unit membrane) consisting of a lipid layer sandwiched between two protein layers. All organisms except for bacteria and archaea are eukaryotes. Compare prokaryote.
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Related formseukaryotic adjective
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

eukaryotic in Culture

eukaryote

[(yooh-kar-ee-oht)]

An organism whose cells contain a nucleus. All multicelled organisms are eukaryotes, as is one superkingdom of single-celled organisms. Eukaryotes also have organelles enclosed by membranes. (Compare prokaryote.)

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Note

Eukaryotes evolved in a process in which one early prokaryote consumed another, forming a more complex structure.

Note

The word eukaryote comes from the Greek for “true nucleus.”
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.