[ ig-zas-puh-reyt ]
/ ɪgˈzæs pəˌreɪt /
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See synonyms for: exasperate / exasperated / exasperating on Thesaurus.com

verb (used with object), ex·as·per·at·ed, ex·as·per·at·ing.

to irritate or provoke to a high degree; annoy extremely: He was exasperated by the senseless delays.
Archaic. to increase the intensity or violence of (disease, pain, feelings, etc.).


Botany. rough; covered with hard, projecting points, as a leaf.



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Origin of exasperate

First recorded in 1525–35; from Latin exasperātus (past participle of exasperāre “to make rough, provoke”), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + asper “harsh, rough” + -ātus -ate1
1. See irritate.
ex·as·per·at·er, nounex·as·per·at·ing·ly, adverbun·ex·as·per·at·ing, adjective
exacerbate, exasperate
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for exasperate

/ (ɪɡˈzɑːspəˌreɪt) /

verb (tr)

to cause great irritation or anger to; infuriate
to cause (an unpleasant feeling, condition, etc) to worsen; aggravate


botany having a rough prickly surface because of the presence of hard projecting points
C16: from Latin exasperāre to make rough, from asper rough
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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