[ ek-stuh nt, ik-stant ]
/ ˈɛk stənt, ɪkˈstænt /


in existence; still existing; not destroyed or lost: There are only three extant copies of the document.
Archaic. standing out; protruding.

Origin of extant

1535–45; < Latin ex(s)tant- (stem of ex(s)tāns) standing out, present participle of exstāre, equivalent to ex- ex-1 + stāre to stand
Related formsnon·ex·tant, adjective
Can be confusedextant extent
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for extant

British Dictionary definitions for extant


/ (ɛkˈstænt, ˈɛkstənt) /


still in existence; surviving
archaic standing out; protruding

Word Origin for extant

C16: from Latin exstāns standing out, from exstāre, from stāre to stand


Extant is sometimes wrongly used simply to say that something exists, without any connotation of survival: plutonium is perhaps the deadliest element in existence (not the deadliest element extant)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for extant



1540s, "standing out above a surface," from Latin extantem (nominative extans), present participle of extare "stand out, be visible, exist," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + stare "to stand," from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see stet). Sense of "in existence" attested in English by 1560s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper