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extirpate

[ek-ster-peyt, ik-stur-peyt]
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verb (used with object), ex·tir·pat·ed, ex·tir·pat·ing.
  1. to remove or destroy totally; do away with; exterminate.
  2. to pull up by or as if by the roots; root up: to extirpate an unwanted hair.
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Origin of extirpate

1530–40; < Latin ex(s)tirpātus plucked up by the stem (past participle of ex(s)tirpāre), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + stirp- (stem of stirps) stem + -ātus -ate1
Related formsex·tir·pa·tion, nounex·tir·pa·tive, adjectiveex·tir·pa·tor, nounun·ex·tir·pat·ed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for extirpation

annihilation, extinction, destruction

Examples from the Web for extirpation

Historical Examples of extirpation

  • Extirpation has been the watchword with which Caucasian Christianity has gone about the world.

    The Conquest of Fear

    Basil King

  • The most recent work on extirpation of the spleen for tumours is from Hartmann and Vasquez.

  • Hundreds of the ablest judges were selected for the extirpation of this crime.

  • They may be operated on by means of incision or extirpation.

  • Extirpated they may have been, like the Moors of Spain, but extirpation is not apostasy.

    The New World of Islam

    Lothrop Stoddard


British Dictionary definitions for extirpation

extirpate

verb (tr)
  1. to remove or destroy completely
  2. to pull up or out; uproot
  3. to remove (an organ or part) surgically
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Derived Formsextirpation, nounextirpative, adjectiveextirpator, noun

Word Origin for extirpate

C16: from Latin exstirpāre to root out, from stirps root, stock
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for extirpation

n.

early 15c., "removal;" 1520s, "rooting out, eradication," from Latin extirpationem/exstirpationem (nominative extirpatio/exstirpatio), noun of action from past participle stem of extirpare/exstirpare "root out," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + stirps (genitive stirpis) "a root, stock of a tree."

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extirpate

v.

1530s, usually figurative, from Latin extirpatus/exstirpatus, past participle of extirpare/exstirpare (see extirpation). Related: Extirpated; extirpating.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

extirpation in Medicine

extirpation

(ĕk′stər-pāshən)
n.
  1. The surgical removal of an organ, part of an organ, or diseased tissue.
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Related formsextir•pate′ v.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.