[ ik-strak-shuh n ]
/ ɪkˈstræk ʃən /


an act or instance of extracting: the extraction of a molar.
the state or fact of being extracted.
descent or lineage: to be of foreign extraction.
something extracted; extract.

Nearby words

  1. extracorporeal,
  2. extracorporeal circulation,
  3. extract,
  4. extractant,
  5. extracting forceps,
  6. extraction coefficient,
  7. extraction ratio,
  8. extractions,
  9. extractive,
  10. extractive metallurgy

Origin of extraction

1375–1425; late Middle English extraccioun < Late Latin extractiōn- (stem of extractiō). See extract, -ion

Related formsnon·ex·trac·tion, nouno·ver·ex·trac·tion, nounpre·ex·trac·tion, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for extraction

British Dictionary definitions for extraction


/ (ɪkˈstrækʃən) /


the act of extracting or the condition of being extracted
something extracted; an extract
  1. the act or an instance of extracting a tooth or teeth
  2. a tooth or teeth extracted
origin, descent, lineage, or ancestryof German extraction
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for extraction



early 15c., from Old French estraction (12c.) or directly from Medieval Latin extractionem (nominative extractio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin extrahere (see extract (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for extraction


[ ĭk-străkshən ]


The act of extracting or the condition of being extracted.
Something obtained by extracting; an extract.
The removal by withdrawing or pulling out of a tooth from its socket.
Removal of a baby from the genital canal in assisted delivery.
The active portion of a drug.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.