adjective, fair·er, fair·est.
- (of the sky) bright; sunny; cloudless to half-cloudy.
- (of the weather) fine; with no prospect of rain, snow, or hail; not stormy.
adverb, fair·er, fair·est.
- a woman.
- a beloved woman.
verb (used with object)
- to draw and adjust (the lines of a hull being designed) to produce regular surfaces of the correct form.
- to adjust the form of (a frame or templet) in accordance with a design, or cause it to conform to the general form of a hull.
- to restore (a bent plate or structural member) to its original form.
- to align (the frames of a vessel under construction) in proper position.
- honestly; justly; straightforwardly: He won the race fair and square.
- honest; just; straightforward: He was admired for being fair and square in all his dealings.
Origin of fair1
Synonyms for fair
- equal shares or treatment
- an expression of appeal for equal shares or treatment
Word Origin for fair
Word Origin for fair
Old English fæger "beautiful, lovely, pleasant," from Proto-Germanic *fagraz (cf. Old Saxon fagar, Old Norse fagr, Old High German fagar "beautiful," Gothic fagrs "fit"), perhaps from PIE *pek- "to make pretty" (cf. Lithuanian puošiu "I decorate").
The meaning in reference to weather (c.1200) preserves the original sense (opposed to foul). Sense of "light-complexioned" (1550s) reflects tastes in beauty; sense of "free from bias" (mid-14c.) evolved from another early meaning, "morally pure, unblemished" (late 12c.). The sporting senses (fair ball, fair catch etc.) began in 1856. Fair play is from 1590s; fair and square is from c.1600. Fair-haired in the figurative sense of "darling, favorite" is from 1909. First record of fair-weather friends is from 1736.
early 14c., from Anglo-French feyre (late 13c.), from Old French feire, from Vulgar Latin *feria "holiday, market fair," from Latin feriae "religious festivals, holidays," related to festus "solemn, festive, joyous" (see feast).
fair and square
Just and honest, as in He won the race fair and square. This redundant expression—fair and square mean essentially the same thing—probably owes its long life to its rhyme. [Early 1600s]
In addition to the idioms beginning with fair
- fair and square
- fair enough
- fair game
- fair play
- fair sex
- fair shake, a
- fair to middling
- fairy godmother
- all's fair in love and war
- play fair
- turnabout is fair play