adjective, fair·er, fair·est.
- (of the sky) bright; sunny; cloudless to half-cloudy.
- (of the weather) fine; with no prospect of rain, snow, or hail; not stormy.
adverb, fair·er, fair·est.
- a woman.
- a beloved woman.
verb (used with object)
- to draw and adjust (the lines of a hull being designed) to produce regular surfaces of the correct form.
- to adjust the form of (a frame or templet) in accordance with a design, or cause it to conform to the general form of a hull.
- to restore (a bent plate or structural member) to its original form.
- to align (the frames of a vessel under construction) in proper position.
- fair and square,
- fair ball,
- fair catch,
- fair copy,
- fair deal
- honestly; justly; straightforwardly: He won the race fair and square.
- honest; just; straightforward: He was admired for being fair and square in all his dealings.
Origin of fair1
- equal shares or treatment
- an expression of appeal for equal shares or treatment
Word Origin for fair
Word Origin for fair
Old English fæger "beautiful, lovely, pleasant," from Proto-Germanic *fagraz (cf. Old Saxon fagar, Old Norse fagr, Old High German fagar "beautiful," Gothic fagrs "fit"), perhaps from PIE *pek- "to make pretty" (cf. Lithuanian puošiu "I decorate").
The meaning in reference to weather (c.1200) preserves the original sense (opposed to foul). Sense of "light-complexioned" (1550s) reflects tastes in beauty; sense of "free from bias" (mid-14c.) evolved from another early meaning, "morally pure, unblemished" (late 12c.). The sporting senses (fair ball, fair catch etc.) began in 1856. Fair play is from 1590s; fair and square is from c.1600. Fair-haired in the figurative sense of "darling, favorite" is from 1909. First record of fair-weather friends is from 1736.
early 14c., from Anglo-French feyre (late 13c.), from Old French feire, from Vulgar Latin *feria "holiday, market fair," from Latin feriae "religious festivals, holidays," related to festus "solemn, festive, joyous" (see feast).
fair to middling
Mediocre, pretty good, so-so, as in I asked them how they liked their new home and John answered, “Fair to middling. This phrase, often a reply to an inquiry about one's health, business, or the like, is redundant, since fair and middling both mean “moderately good.” [Mid-1800s] Also see can't complain.
In addition to the idioms beginning with fair
- fair and square
- fair enough
- fair game
- fair play
- fair sex
- fair shake, a
- fair to middling
- fairy godmother
- all's fair in love and war
- play fair
- turnabout is fair play