five

[fahyv]

noun

a cardinal number, four plus one.
a symbol for this number, as 5 or V.
a set of this many persons or things.
a playing card, die face, or half of a domino face with five pips.
Informal. a five-dollar bill: Can you give me two fives for a ten?

adjective

amounting to five in number.

Idioms

    take five, Informal. to take a brief respite.

Origin of five

before 1000; 1925–30 for def 7; Middle English; Old English fīf; cognate with Dutch vijf, German fünf, Old Norse fimm, Gothic fimf, Latin quīnque, Greek pénte, Sanskrit pancha
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for five

Contemporary Examples of five

Historical Examples of five

  • He's stolen five or six hundred dollars in gold from old Paul Nichols.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • Besides, the five thousand dollars were gone and not likely to be recovered.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • Not until five o'clock had he by turns urged and fought himself to the ferry.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • Five men were floating about in a boat in the Southern ocean.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • I will send back and get the flour, as it is only five miles off.


British Dictionary definitions for five

five

noun

the cardinal number that is the sum of four and one
a numeral, 5, V, etc, representing this number
the amount or quantity that is one greater than four
something representing, represented by, or consisting of five units, such as a playing card with five symbols on it

determiner

  1. amounting to fivefive minutes; five nights
  2. (as pronoun)choose any five you like Related prefixes: penta-, quinque-
See also fives

Word Origin for five

Old English fīf; related to Old Norse fimm, Gothic fimf, Old High German finf, Latin quinque, Greek pente, Sanskrit pañca
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for five
n.

Old English fif, from Proto-Germanic *fimfe (cf. Old Frisian and Old Saxon fif, Dutch vijf, Old Norse fimm, Old High German funf, Gothic fimf), from PIE *penkwe- (cf. Sanskrit panca, Greek pente, Latin quinque, Old Church Slavonic peti, Lithuanian penke, Old Welsh pimp). The sound shift that removed the *-m- is a regular development involving Old English, Old Frisian, and Old Saxon (cf. thought, from stem of think; couth from *kunthaz; us from *uns.

Slang five-finger discount "theft" is from 1966. Five o'clock shadow attested by 1937. The original five-year plan was 1928 in the U.S.S.R.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with five

five

see take five.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.