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flora

[flawr-uh, flohr-uh]
noun, plural flo·ras, flo·rae [flawr-ee, flohr-ee] /ˈflɔr i, ˈfloʊr i/ for 2.
  1. the plants of a particular region or period, listed by species and considered as a whole.
  2. a work systematically describing such plants.
  3. plants, as distinguished from fauna.
  4. the aggregate of bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms normally occurring on or in the bodies of humans and other animals: intestinal flora.
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Origin of flora

1655–65; < New Latin, Latin Flōra the Roman goddess of flowers (used from the 17th cent. in the titles of botanical works), derivative of Latin flōr- (stem of flōs) flower
Related formssub·flo·ra, noun, plural sub·flo·ras, sub·flo·rae.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

vegetationverdure

Examples from the Web for florae

Historical Examples

  • The same poet has represented her in her garden with the Florae gathering flowers and the Graces making garlands of them.

    Flowers and Flower-Gardens

    David Lester Richardson


British Dictionary definitions for florae

flora

noun plural -ras or -rae (-riː)
  1. all the plant life of a given place or time
  2. a descriptive list of such plants, often including a key for identification
  3. short for intestinal flora
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Word Origin

C18: from New Latin, from Latin Flōra goddess of flowers, from flōs flower

Flora

noun
  1. the Roman goddess of flowers
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Word Origin

C16: from Latin, from flōs flower
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for florae

flora

n.

1777, "the plant life of a region or epoch," from Latin Flora, Roman goddess of flowers, from flos (genitive floris) "flower," from *flo-s-, Italic suffixed form of PIE *bhle- "to blossom, flourish" (cf. Middle Irish blath, Welsh blawd "blossom, flower," Old English blowan "to flower, bloom"), extended form of *bhel- (3) "to thrive, bloom," possibly identical with *bhel- (2) "to blow, swell" (see bole). Used as the title of descriptive plant catalogues since 1640s, but popularized by Linnaeus in his 1745 study of Swedish plants, "Flora Suecica."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

florae in Medicine

flora

(flôrə)
n. pl. flo•ras
  1. Plants considered as a group.
  2. The microorganisms that normally inhabit a bodily organ or part.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

florae in Science

flora

[flôrə]
Plural floras florae (flôrē′)
  1. The plants of a particular region or time period.
  2. The bacteria and other microorganisms that normally inhabit a bodily organ or part, such as the intestine.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

florae in Culture

flora

[(flawr-uh)]

Plants, especially the plants of a particular place and time.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.