flora

[flawr-uh, flohr-uh]
|

noun, plural flo·ras, flo·rae [flawr-ee, flohr-ee] /ˈflɔr i, ˈfloʊr i/ for 2.

the plants of a particular region or period, listed by species and considered as a whole.
a work systematically describing such plants.
plants, as distinguished from fauna.
the aggregate of bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms normally occurring on or in the bodies of humans and other animals: intestinal flora.

RELATED WORDS


Origin of flora

1655–65; < New Latin, Latin Flōra the Roman goddess of flowers (used from the 17th cent. in the titles of botanical works), derivative of Latin flōr- (stem of flōs) flower
Related formssub·flo·ra, noun, plural sub·flo·ras, sub·flo·rae.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for florae

Historical Examples of florae

  • The same poet has represented her in her garden with the Florae gathering flowers and the Graces making garlands of them.

    Flowers and Flower-Gardens

    David Lester Richardson



British Dictionary definitions for florae

flora

noun plural -ras or -rae (-riː)

all the plant life of a given place or time
a descriptive list of such plants, often including a key for identification

Word Origin for flora

C18: from New Latin, from Latin Flōra goddess of flowers, from flōs flower

Flora

noun

the Roman goddess of flowers

Word Origin for Flora

C16: from Latin, from flōs flower
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for florae

flora

n.

1777, "the plant life of a region or epoch," from Latin Flora, Roman goddess of flowers, from flos (genitive floris) "flower," from *flo-s-, Italic suffixed form of PIE *bhle- "to blossom, flourish" (cf. Middle Irish blath, Welsh blawd "blossom, flower," Old English blowan "to flower, bloom"), extended form of *bhel- (3) "to thrive, bloom," possibly identical with *bhel- (2) "to blow, swell" (see bole). Used as the title of descriptive plant catalogues since 1640s, but popularized by Linnaeus in his 1745 study of Swedish plants, "Flora Suecica."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for florae

flora

[flôrə]

n. pl. flo•ras

Plants considered as a group.
The microorganisms that normally inhabit a bodily organ or part.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for florae

flora

[flôrə]

Plural floras florae (flôrē′)

The plants of a particular region or time period.
The bacteria and other microorganisms that normally inhabit a bodily organ or part, such as the intestine.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Culture definitions for florae

flora

[(flawr-uh)]

Plants, especially the plants of a particular place and time.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.