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forlorn

[fawr-lawrn]
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adjective
  1. desolate or dreary; unhappy or miserable, as in feeling, condition, or appearance.
  2. lonely and sad; forsaken.
  3. expressive of hopelessness; despairing: forlorn glances.
  4. bereft; destitute: forlorn of comfort.
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Origin of forlorn

before 1150; Middle English foreloren (past participle of forlesen to lose completely), Old English forloren (past participle of forlēosan); cognate with Old High German firliosan (German verlieren), Gothic fraliusan. See for-, lorn
Related formsfor·lorn·ly, adverbfor·lorn·ness, nounun·for·lorn, adjective

Synonyms

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Synonym study

2. See desolate.

Antonyms

1. happy. 2. accompanied.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

glumlysadlysorrowfullydespondentlyforlornlygloomily

Examples from the Web for forlornly

Historical Examples

  • "Well—I don't know what Jerry will do," sighed Gyp forlornly.

    Highacres

    Jane Abbott

  • "It is not me he would have now, but his way," she said forlornly.

  • "I'm afeared, then, I won't be able to claim that there money," he said forlornly.

    From Place to Place

    Irvin S. Cobb

  • “I shall have stage-fright and spoil everything,” declared Roberta forlornly.

    Betty Wales Senior

    Margaret Warde

  • "It was only because I didn't like myself," said dear Becky forlornly.

    Betty Leicester

    Sarah Orne Jewett


British Dictionary definitions for forlornly

forlorn

adjective
  1. miserable, wretched, or cheerless; desolate
  2. deserted; forsaken
  3. (postpositive foll by of) destitute; bereftforlorn of hope
  4. desperatethe last forlorn attempt
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Derived Formsforlornly, adverbforlornness, noun

Word Origin

Old English forloren lost, from forlēosan to lose; related to Old Saxon farliosan, Gothic fraliusan, Greek luein to release
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for forlornly

forlorn

adj.

mid-12c., forloren "disgraced, depraved," past participle of obsolete forlesan "be deprived of, lose, abandon," from Old English forleosan "to lose, abandon, let go; destroy, ruin," from for- "completely" + leosan "to lose" (see lose). In the Mercian hymns, Latin perditionis is glossed by Old English forlorenisse.

Sense of "forsaken, abandoned" is 1530s; that of "wretched, miserable" first recorded 1580s. A common Germanic compound (cf. Old Saxon farilosan, Old Frisian urliasa, Middle Dutch verliesen, Dutch verliezen, Old High German virliosan, German verlieren, Gothic fraliusan "to lose").

Commonly in forlorn hope (1570s), which is a partial translation of Dutch verloren hoop, in which hoop means "troop, band," literally "heap," and the sense of the whole phrase is of a suicide mission. The phrase is usually used incorrectly in English, and the misuse has colored the sense of forlorn. Related: Forlornly; forlornness.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper