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Mistral

[mee-stral for 1; mees-trahl for 2]
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noun
  1. Fré·dé·ric [frey-dey-reek] /freɪ deɪˈrik/, 1830–1914, French Provençal poet: Nobel prize 1904.
  2. Ga·bri·e·la [gah-vree-e-lah] /ˌgɑ vriˈɛ lɑ/, Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, 1889–1957, Chilean poet and educator: Nobel Prize in literature 1945.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for frederic mistral

mistral

noun
  1. a strong cold dry wind that blows through the Rhône valley and S France to the Mediterranean coast, mainly in the winter
  2. the class of board used in international windsurfing competitions, weighing 15kg and measuring 372cm × 64cm
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Word Origin

C17: via French from Provençal, from Latin magistrālis magistral, as in magistrālis ventus master wind

Mistral

noun
  1. (French mistral) Frédéric (frederik). 1830–1914, French Provençal poet, who led a movement to revive Provençal language and literature: shared the Nobel prize for literature 1904
  2. (Spanish misˈtral) Gabriela (ɡaˈβrjela), pen name of Lucila Godoy de Alcayaga. 1889–1957, Chilean poet, educationalist, and diplomatist. Her poetry includes the collection Desolación (1922): Nobel prize for literature 1945
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for frederic mistral

mistral

n.

"cold northerly wind on the Mediterranean coast of France," c.1600, from French, from Provençal mistral, literally "the dominant wind," from mistral (adj.) "dominant," from Latin magistralis "dominant," from magister "master" (see master (n.)).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper