Carl Friedrich 1777-1855
- German mathematician, astronomer and physicist who introduced significant and rapid advances to mathematics with his contributions to algebra, geometry, statistics and theoretical mathematics. He also correctly calculated the orbit of the asteroid Ceres in 1801 and studied electricity and magnetism, developing the magnetometer in 1832. The gauss unit of magnetic flux density is named for him.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.