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gin2

[jin]
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noun
  1. cotton gin.
  2. a trap or snare for game.
  3. any of various machines employing simple tackle or windlass mechanisms for hoisting.
  4. a stationary prime mover having a drive shaft rotated by horizontal beams pulled by horses walking in a circle.
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verb (used with object), ginned, gin·ning.
  1. to clear (cotton) of seeds with a gin.
  2. to snare (game).
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Origin of gin2

1150–1200; Middle English gyn, aphetic variant of Old French engin engine
Related formsgin·ner, noun

gin3

[gin]
verb (used with or without object), gan, gun, gin·ning. Archaic.
  1. to begin.
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Origin of gin3

1150–1200; Middle English ginnen, Old English ginnan, aphetic variant of onginnan, beginnen to begin

gin4

[jin]Cards.
noun
  1. Also called gin rummy. a variety of rummy for two players, in which a player with 10 or fewer points in unmatched cards can end the game by laying down the hand.
  2. the winning of such a game by laying down a full set of matched cards, earning the winner a bonus of 20 or 25 points.
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verb (used without object), ginned, gin·ning.
  1. to win a game in gin by laying down a hand in which all 10 cards are included in sets.
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Origin of gin4

First recorded in 1955–60; perhaps special use of gin1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for ginning

gin1

noun
  1. an alcoholic drink obtained by distillation and rectification of the grain of malted barley, rye, or maize, flavoured with juniper berries
  2. any of various grain spirits flavoured with other fruit or aromatic essencessloe gin
  3. an alcoholic drink made from any rectified spirit
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Word Origin

C18: shortened from Dutch genever juniper, via Old French from Latin jūniperus juniper

gin2

noun
  1. a primitive engine in which a vertical shaft is turned by horses driving a horizontal beam or yoke in a circle
  2. Also called: cotton gin a machine of this type used for separating seeds from raw cotton
  3. a trap for catching small mammals, consisting of a noose of thin strong wire
  4. a hand-operated hoist that consists of a drum winder turned by a crank
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verb gins, ginning or ginned (tr)
  1. to free (cotton) of seeds with a gin
  2. to trap or snare (game) with a gin
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Derived Formsginner, noun

Word Origin

C13 gyn, shortened from engine

gin3

verb gins, ginning, gan or gun
  1. an archaic word for begin
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gin4

conjunction
  1. Scot if
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Word Origin

perhaps related to gif, an earlier form of if

gin5

noun
  1. Australian offensive, slang an Aboriginal woman
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Word Origin

C19: from a native Australian language
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ginning

gin

v.1

in slang phrase gin up "enliven, make more exciting," 1887, probably from earlier ginger up in same sense (1849), from ginger in sense of "spice, pizzazz;" specifically in reference to the treatment described in the 1811 slang dictionary under the entry for feague:

... to put ginger up a horse's fundament, and formerly, as it is said, a live eel, to make him lively and carry his tail well; it is said, a forfeit is incurred by any horse-dealer's servant, who shall shew a horse without first feaguing him. Feague is used, figuratively, for encouraging or spiriting one up.
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gin

v.2

"to begin," c.1200, ginnen, shortened form of beginnen (see begin).

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gin

n.1

"type of distilled drinking alcohol," 1714, shortening of geneva, altered (by influence of the similarity of the name of the Swiss city, with which it has no other connection) from Dutch genever "juniper" (because the alcohol was flavored with its berries), from Old French genevre, from Vulgar Latin *jeniperus, from Latin juniperus "juniper" (see juniper). Gin and tonic attested by 1873; gin-sling by 1790. Card game gin rummy first attested 1941 (described in "Life" that year as the latest Hollywood fad).

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gin

n.2

"machine for separating cotton from seeds," 1796, American English, used earlier of various other machineries, from Middle English gin "ingenious device, contrivance" (c.1200), from Old French gin "machine, device, scheme," shortened form of engin, from Latin ingenium (see engine). The verb in this sense is recorded from 1789.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper