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gout

[ gout ]
/ gaʊt /
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noun
an acute, recurrent disease characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, chiefly those in the feet and hands, and especially in the great toe, and by an excess of uric acid in the blood.
a mass or splash, as of blood; spurt.
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Origin of gout

1250–1300; Middle English goute<Old French <Latin gutta a drop (of fluid); gout in the feet formerly was attributed to drops of a corrupted humor
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use gout in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for gout (1 of 2)

gout
/ (ɡaʊt) /

noun
a metabolic disease characterized by painful inflammation of certain joints, esp of the big toe and foot, caused by deposits of sodium urate in them
archaic a drop or splash, esp of blood

Derived forms of gout

gouty, adjectivegoutily, adverbgoutiness, noun

Word Origin for gout

C13: from Old French goute gout (thought to result from drops of humours), from Latin gutta a drop

British Dictionary definitions for gout (2 of 2)

goût
/ French (ɡu) /

noun
taste or good taste
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for gout

gout
[ gout ]

An inherited disorder of uric acid metabolism occurring predominantly in men, characterized by painful inflammation of the joints. Elevated levels of uric acid in the blood result in deposition of crystals of uric acid salts (known as urates) around the joints, causing arthritis. The condition can become chronic and result in deformity.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Cultural definitions for gout

gout
[ (gowt) ]

A disorder of metabolism characterized by attacks of painful inflammation in the joints, particularly those of the feet and hands. The inflammation is caused by the deposition of crystals of uric acid in the joints. Gout occurs most often in middle-aged men. The tendency toward developing gout is inherited. Stress, fatigue, or excessive exercise are among the factors that can bring on an attack.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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