Guelph

1

or Guelf

[gwelf]
noun
  1. a member of the political party in medieval Italy and Germany that supported the sovereignty of the papacy against the German emperors: opposed to the Ghibellines.
  2. a member of a secret society in Italy in the early 19th century that opposed foreign rulers and reactionary ideas.

Origin of Guelph

1
1570–80; < Italian Guelfo < Middle High German Welf name of founder of a princely German family
Related formsGuelph·ic, Guelf·ic, adjectiveGuelph·ism, Guelf·ism, noun

Guelph

2
[gwelf]
noun
  1. a city in SE Ontario, in S Canada.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for guelph

Guelph

1

Guelf

noun
  1. a member of the political faction in medieval Italy that supported the power of the pope against the German emperorsCompare Ghibelline
  2. a member of a secret society in 19th-century Italy opposed to foreign rule
Derived FormsGuelphic or Guelfic, adjectiveGuelphism or Guelfism, noun

Guelph

2
noun
  1. a city in Canada, in SE Ontario. Pop: 106 920 (2001)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for guelph

Guelph

one of the two great parties in medieval Italian politics, characterized by support of the popes against the emperors (opposed to the Ghibellines), 1570s, from Italian Guelfo, from Old High German Welf, name of a princely family that became the ducal house of Brunswick, literally "whelp," originally the name of the founder. The family are the ancestors of the present dynasty of Great Britain. The name is said to have been used as a war-cry at the Battle of Weinsberg (1140) by partisans of Henry the Lion, duke of Bavaria, who was of the family, against Emperor Conrad III; hence it was adopted in Italy as the name of the anti-imperial party.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper