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row1

[roh]
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noun
  1. a number of persons or things arranged in a line, especially a straight line: a row of apple trees.
  2. a line of persons or things so arranged: The petitioners waited in a row.
  3. a line of adjacent seats facing the same way, as in a theater: seats in the third row of the balcony.
  4. a street formed by two continuous lines of buildings.
  5. Music. tone row.
  6. Checkers. one of the horizontal lines of squares on a checkerboard; rank.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to put in a row (often followed by up).
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Idioms
  1. hard/long row to hoe, a difficult task or set of circumstances to confront: At 32 and with two children, she found attending medical school a hard row to hoe.
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Origin of row1

1175–1225; Middle English row(e); compare Old English rǣw
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for hard row to hoe

row1

noun
  1. an arrangement of persons or things in a linea row of chairs
    1. mainly Britisha street, esp a narrow one lined with identical houses
    2. (capital when part of a street name)Church Row
  2. a line of seats, as in a cinema, theatre, etc
  3. maths a horizontal linear arrangement of numbers, quantities, or terms, esp in a determinant or matrix
  4. a horizontal rank of squares on a chessboard or draughtboard
  5. in a row in succession; one after the otherhe won two gold medals in a row
  6. a hard row to hoe a difficult task or assignment
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Word Origin

Old English rāw, rǣw; related to Old High German rīga line, Lithuanian raiwe strip

row2

noun
  1. a noisy quarrel or dispute
  2. a noisy disturbance; commotionwe couldn't hear the music for the row next door
  3. a reprimand
  4. give someone a row informal to scold someone; tell someone off
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verb
  1. (intr often foll by with) to quarrel noisily
  2. (tr) archaic to reprimand
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Word Origin

C18: origin unknown

row3

verb
  1. to propel (a boat) by using oars
  2. (tr) to carry (people, goods, etc) in a rowing boat
  3. to be propelled by means of (oars or oarsmen)
  4. (intr) to take part in the racing of rowing boats as a sport, esp in eights, in which each member of the crew pulls one oarCompare scull (def. 6)
  5. (tr) to race against in a boat propelled by oarsOxford row Cambridge every year
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noun
  1. an act, instance, period, or distance of rowing
  2. an excursion in a rowing boat
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See also row over
Derived Formsrower, nounrowing, noun

Word Origin

Old English rōwan; related to Middle Dutch roien, Middle High German rüejen, Old Norse rōa, Latin rēmus oar
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hard row to hoe

row

n.1

"line of people or things," Old English ræw "a row, line; succession, hedge-row," probably from Proto-Germanic *rai(h)waz (cf. Middle Dutch rie, Dutch rij "row;" Old High German rihan "to thread," riga "line;" German Reihe "row, line, series;" Old Norse rega "string"), possibly from PIE root *rei- "to scratch, tear, cut" (cf. Sanskrit rikhati "scratches," rekha "line"). Meaning "a number of houses in a line" is attested from mid-15c., originally chiefly Scottish and northern English. Phrase a hard row to hoe attested from 1823, American English.

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row

v.

"propel with oars," Old English rowan "go by water, row" (class VII strong verb; past tense reow, past participle rowen), from Proto-Germanic *ro- (cf. Old Norse roa, Dutch roeien, West Frisian roeije, Middle High German rüejen), from PIE root *ere- (1) "to row" (cf. Sanskrit aritrah "oar;" Greek eressein "to row," eretmon "oar," trieres "trireme;" Latin remus "oar;" Lithuanian iriu "to row," irklas "oar;" Old Irish rome "oar," Old English roðor "rudder").

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row

n.2

"noisy commotion," 1746, Cambridge University slang, of uncertain origin, perhaps related to rousel "drinking bout" (c.1600), a shortened form of carousal. Klein suggests a back-formation from rouse (n.), mistaken as a plural (cf. pea from pease).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with hard row to hoe

hard row to hoe

see tough row to hoe.

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row

see get one's ducks in a row; kick up a fuss (row); skid row; tough row to hoe.

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.