(in India) a closing of shops and stopping of work, especially as a form of passive resistance.
Origin of hartal
1915–20; < Hindi harṭal, variant of haṭṭāl, equivalent to hat shop (Sanskrit haṭṭa) + tāl locking (Sanskrit tālāka lock, bolt)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
(in India) the act of closing shops or suspending work, esp in political protest
Word Origin for hartal
C20: from Hindi hartāl, from hāt shop (from Sanskrit hatta) + tālā bolt for a door (from Sanskrit: latch)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012