Haydn, Franz Josef

[(heyed-n)]

An eighteenth-century Austrian composer, one of the great composers of the classic era. Haydn is credited with establishing the symphony as a musical form. Of his more than one hundred symphonies, Surprise Symphony and Clock Symphony are especially well known. He also composed many string quartets.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.