[ heev ]
/ hiv /
verb (used with object), heaved or (especially Nautical) hove; heav·ing.
to raise or lift with effort or force; hoist: to heave a heavy ax.
to throw, especially to lift and throw with effort, force, or violence: to heave an anchor overboard; to heave a stone through a window.
- to move into a certain position or situation: to heave a vessel aback.
- to move in a certain direction: Heave the capstan around! Heave up the anchor!
to utter laboriously or painfully: to heave a sigh.
to cause to rise and fall with or as with a swelling motion: to heave one's chest.
to vomit; throw up: He heaved his breakfast before noon.
to haul or pull on (a rope, cable, line, etc.), as with the hands or a capstan: Heave the anchor cable!
verb (used without object), heaved or (especially Nautical) hove; heav·ing.
to rise and fall in rhythmically alternate movements: The ship heaved and rolled in the swelling sea.
to breathe with effort; pant: He sat there heaving and puffing from the effort.
to vomit; retch.
to rise as if thrust up, as a hill; swell or bulge: The ground heaved and small fissures appeared for miles around.
to pull or haul on a rope, cable, etc.
to push, as on a capstan bar.
- to move in a certain direction or into a certain position or situation: heave about; heave alongside; heave in stays.
- (of a vessel) to rise and fall, as with a heavy beam sea.
an act or effort of heaving.
a throw, toss, or cast.
Geology. the horizontal component of the apparent displacement resulting from a fault, measured in a vertical plane perpendicular to the strike.
the rise and fall of the waves or swell of a sea.
heaves, (used with a singular verb) Also called broken wind. Veterinary Pathology. a disease of horses, similar to asthma in human beings, characterized by difficult breathing.
heave down, Nautical. to careen (a vessel).
heave out, Nautical.
- to shake loose (a reef taken in a sail).
- to loosen (a sail) from its gaskets in order to set it.
- Nautical. to stop the headway of (a vessel), especially by bringing the head to the wind and trimming the sails so that they act against one another.
- to come to a halt.
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Idioms for heave
heave ho (an exclamation used by sailors, as when heaving the anchor up.)
heave in sight, to rise to view, as from below the horizon: The ship hove in sight as dawn began to break.
heave the lead. lead2(def 16).
Origin of heave
before 900; Middle English heven, variant (with -v- from simple past tense and past participle) of hebben, Old English hebban; cognate with German heben, Old Norse hefja, Gothic hafjan; akin to Latin capere to take
OTHER WORDS FROM heaveheav·er, nounheave·less, adjectiveun·heaved, adjective
Words nearby heave
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020
British Dictionary definitions for heave down (1 of 2)
(intr, adverb) nautical to turn a vessel on its side for cleaning
British Dictionary definitions for heave down (2 of 2)
/ (hiːv) /
verb heaves, heaving or heaved or mainly nautical hove
(tr) to lift or move with a great effort
(tr) to throw (something heavy) with effort
to utter (sounds, sighs, etc) or breathe noisily or unhappilyto heave a sigh
to rise and fall or cause to rise and fall heavily
(past tense and past participle hove) nautical
- to move or cause to move in a specified way, direction, or positionto heave in sight
- (intr) (of a vessel) to pitch or roll
(tr) to displace (rock strata, mineral veins, etc) in a horizontal direction
(intr) to retch
the act or an instance of heaving
the horizontal displacement of rock strata at a fault
Derived forms of heaveheaver, noun
Word Origin for heave
Old English hebban; related to Old Norse hefja, Old Saxon hebbian, Old High German heffen to raise, Latin capere to take, Sanskrit kapatī two hands full
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012