verb (used with object), heaved or (especially Nautical) hove; heav·ing.
- to move into a certain position or situation: to heave a vessel aback.
- to move in a certain direction: Heave the capstan around! Heave up the anchor!
verb (used without object), heaved or (especially Nautical) hove; heav·ing.
- to move in a certain direction or into a certain position or situation: heave about; heave alongside; heave in stays.
- (of a vessel) to rise and fall, as with a heavy beam sea.
- to shake loose (a reef taken in a sail).
- to loosen (a sail) from its gaskets in order to set it.
- Nautical.to stop the headway of (a vessel), especially by bringing the head to the wind and trimming the sails so that they act against one another.
- to come to a halt.
Origin of heave
Synonyms for heave
verb heaves, heaving or heaved or mainly nautical hove
- to move or cause to move in a specified way, direction, or positionto heave in sight
- (intr)(of a vessel) to pitch or roll
Word Origin for heave
1570s, from heave (v.).
Old English hebban "to lift, raise; lift up, exalt" (class VI strong verb; past tense hof, past participle hafen), from Proto-Germanic *hafjan (cf. Old Norse hefja, Dutch heffen, German heben, Gothic hafjan "to lift, raise"), from PIE *kap-yo-, from root *kap- "to grasp" (see capable).
Related to Old English habban "to hold, possess." Intransitive use by c.1200. Meaning "to throw" is from 1590s. Sense of "retch, make an effort to vomit" is first attested c.1600. Related: Heaved; heaving. Nautical heave-ho was a chant in lifting (c.1300, hevelow).