[hi-dal-goh; Spanish ee-th ahl-gaw]

noun, plural hi·dal·gos [hi-dal-gohz; Spanish ee-th ahl-gaws] /hɪˈdæl goʊz; Spanish iˈðɑl gɔs/.

a man of the lower nobility in Spain.
(in Spanish America) a man who owns considerable property or is otherwise esteemed.

Origin of hidalgo

1585–95; < Spanish, contraction of hijo dalgo, Old Spanish fijo dalgo a noble, a person with property, a son with something < Latin filius son + from + aliquō something
Related formshi·dal·go·ism, hi·dal·gism [hi-dal-jiz-uh m] /hɪˈdæl dʒɪz əm/, noun


[hi-dal-goh; Spanish ee-th ahl-gaw]


Juan [hwahn] /ʰwɑn/, c1600–85, Spanish composer and harpist.
a state in central Mexico. 8057 sq. mi. (20,870 sq. km). Capital: Pachuca.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for hidalgo

British Dictionary definitions for hidalgo


noun plural -gos (-ɡəʊz, Spanish -ɣos)

a member of the lower nobility in Spain

Word Origin for hidalgo

C16: from Spanish, from Old Spanish fijo dalgo nobleman, from Latin filius son + of + aliquid something



a state of central Mexico: consists of a high plateau, with the Sierra Madre Oriental in the north and east; ancient remains of Teltec culture (at Tula); rich mineral resources. Capital: Pachuca. Pop: 2 231 392 (2000). Area: 20 987 sq km (8103 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hidalgo

"Spanish nobleman of secondary rank," 1590s, from Spanish hidalgo, from Old Spanish fidalgo, shortened from filho de algo "son (Latin filus) of someone (Latin aliquis)," perhaps an imitation of Arabic ibn-nas "son of people," a complimentary title. For alteration of f- and h- in Spanish, see hacienda.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper