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Himmler, Heinrich

[(heyen-rikh him-luhr)]

A German police official of the twentieth century. Himmler, a confidant of the leader Adolf Hitler, organized the Nazi elite forces (SS) and secret police (Gestapo). He supervised the execution of millions of Jews (see also Jews) in concentration camps during World War II. He committed suicide in 1945.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.