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Hinayana

[ hee-nuh-yah-nuh ]
/ ˌhi nəˈyɑ nə /
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noun

earlier of the two great schools of Buddhism, still prevalent in Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, and Cambodia, emphasizing personal salvation through one's own efforts.

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Also called Theravada.
Compare Mahayana.

Origin of Hinayana

1865–70; <Sanskrit, equivalent to hīna lesser, inferior + yāna vehicle

Words nearby Hinayana

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

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British Dictionary definitions for Hinayana

Hinayana
/ (ˌhiːnəˈjɑːnə) /

noun

  1. any of various early forms of Buddhism
  2. (as modifier)Hinayana Buddhism

Derived forms of Hinayana

Hinayanist, nounHinayanistic, adjective

Word Origin for Hinayana

from Sanskrit hīnayāna, from hīna lesser + yāna vehicle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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