noun (sometimes lowercase) Southern U.S.
a dish of black-eyed peas, rice, bacon or ham, and red pepper or other seasoning: traditionally served on New Year's Day because of the superstition that black-eyed peas bring good luck for the New Year.
Origin of hopping John
An Americanism dating back to 1830–40
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019