[hyoo-mer-uh s or, often, yoo-]

noun, plural hu·mer·i [hyoo-muh-rahy, or, often, yoo-] /ˈhyu məˌraɪ, or, often, ˈyu-/. Anatomy.

the long bone in the arm of humans extending from the shoulder to the elbow.
Zoology. a corresponding bone, structure, or region in the forelimbs of other animals or in the wings of birds or insects.

Origin of humerus

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin (h)umerus shoulder; cognate with Greek ômos, Gothic ams, Sanskrit ámsas
Can be confusedhumerus humorous Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for humeri

Historical Examples of humeri

  • The distance between the heads of the two humeri is practically the same as the distance between the femora.

  • The humeri are also bones with strong muscular crests, and the ulnæ are smooth and long.

    Notes on the Fenland

    T. McKenny Huges

  • The relics discovered consist of the brain cap, two femori, two humeri, and other fragments.

    Man And His Ancestor

    Charles Morris

  • Messrs. Newton and Gadow describe this species from four metatarsi, three tibiae, and two humeri.

    Extinct Birds

    Walter Rothschild

  • In thirteen others, the humeri only were hollow, and among these were several Birds of short flight.

British Dictionary definitions for humeri


noun plural -meri (-məˌraɪ)

the bone that extends from the shoulder to the elbow
the corresponding bone in other vertebrates

Word Origin for humerus

C17: from Latin umerus; related to Gothic ams shoulder, Greek ōmos
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for humeri



1706, "bone of the upper arm," originally (14c.) "shoulder," a misspelled borrowing of Latin umerus "shoulder," from PIE *om(e)so- (cf. Sanskrit amsah, Greek omos, Old Norse ass, Gothic ams "shoulder").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

humeri in Medicine



n. pl. hu•mer•i (-mə-rī′)

The long bone of the arm or forelimb, extending from the shoulder to the elbow.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

humeri in Science



Plural humeri (hyōōmər-ī′)

The bone of the upper arm or the upper portion of the foreleg. See more at skeleton.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.