verb (used with object), re·served, re·serv·ing.
- cash, or assets readily convertible into cash, held aside, as by a corporation, bank, state or national government, etc., to meet expected or unexpected demands.
- uninvested cash held to comply with legal requirements.
- a fraction of a military force held in readiness to sustain the attack or defense made by the rest of the force.
- the part of a country's fighting force not in active service.
- reserves, the enrolled but not regular components of the U.S. Army.
- reserve air,
- reserve bank,
- reserve buoyancy,
- reserve capacity,
- reserve clause
- without restraint; frankly; freely.
- (of articles at auction) without limitation as to the terms of sale, especially with no stipulated minimum price.
Origin of reserve
- something kept back or set aside, esp for future use or contingency
- (as modifier)a reserve stock
- a part of an army or formation not committed to immediate action in a military engagement
- that part of a nation's armed services not in active service
- a portion of capital not invested (a capital reserve) or a portion of profits not distributed (a revenue or general reserve) by a bank or business enterprise and held to meet legal requirements, future liabilities, or contingencies
- (often plural) liquid assets held by an organization, government, etc, to meet expenses and liabilities
Word Origin for reserve
mid-14c., from Old French reserver "set aside, withhold" (12c.) and directly from Latin reservare "keep back, save up; retain, preserve," from re- "back" (see re-) + servare "to keep, save, preserve, protect" (see observe). Meaning "to book" is from 1935. Related: Reserved; reserving.
"something stored up," 1610s, from reserve (v.) or from French réserve, a Middle French back-formation from reserver. Meaning "self-imposed restraint on freedom of words or actions; habit of keeping back the feelings" is from 1650s.
Kept back, set aside, or saved. For example, We have a fair amount of cash in reserve, or The coach decided to keep the best player in reserve until the last quarter. [Late 1600s]