incarcerate

[verb in-kahr-suh-reyt; adjective in-kahr-ser-it, -suh-reyt]
verb (used with object), in·car·cer·at·ed, in·car·cer·at·ing.
  1. to imprison; confine.
  2. to enclose; constrict closely.
adjective
  1. imprisoned.

Origin of incarcerate

1520–30; < Medieval Latin incarcerātus past participle of incarcerāre to imprison, equivalent to in- in-2 + carcer prison + -ātus -ate1
Related formsin·car·cer·a·tion, nounin·car·cer·a·tive, adjectivein·car·cer·a·tor, nounun·in·car·cer·at·ed, adjective

Synonyms for incarcerate

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for incarcerative

incarcerate

verb
  1. (tr) to confine or imprison
Derived Formsincarceration, nounincarcerator, noun

Word Origin for incarcerate

C16: from Medieval Latin incarcerāre, from Latin in- ² + carcer prison
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for incarcerative

incarcerate

v.

1550s, a back-formation from incarceration, or else from Medieval Latin incarceratus, past participle of incarcerare "to imprison" (see incarceration). Related: Incarcerated; incarcerating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper