VIDEO FOR INFINITIVE
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Origin of infinitive
OTHER WORDS FROM infinitivein·fin·i·tive·ly, adverb
Words nearby infinitive
MORE ABOUT INFINITIVE
What is an infinitive?
In English, the infinitive form of the verb is the one you will see listed in dictionaries like this one. When infinitives are used in sentences, they follow auxiliary verbs, as in I should try, or function words, as in I want to sleep.
Infinitives can serve other purposes as well, such as acting like nouns (To err is human), adjectives (I have no place to sleep), or adverbs (We eat to live).
Why is infinitive important?
The first records of the term infinitive come from around 1425. It comes from the Late Latin word infīnītīvus, meaning “indefinite.” Infinitives are used in many languages, even in very old languages like Latin.
In English, infinitives are usually made of two words such as to run or to know. In other languages, infinitives are a single word, such as the Latin dare (“to give”), the French faire (“to do”), and the Spanish hablar (“to speak”). English speakers are often taught the infinitive form of a verb before learning how each verb is conjugated.
Did you know ... ?
You may have heard that in English you shouldn’t “split” the infinitive, that is, you shouldn’t put a word between to and the infinitive form of the verb. This is a false rule that came about a few hundred years ago from a desire to make English more like Latin. English is English, though, and it’s being able to split infinitives is a feature of the language, not a fault. You can read more about this in “What Is A Split Infinitive?”
What are real-life examples of infinitive?
The following chart lists some verbs in their infinitive form.
We often use infinitives in everyday speech, though we don’t often talk about them, unless we’re talking about language.
Slight correction: "chacune des langues qu'on peut parler"
Langue is feminine, and you need to use the infinitive because it's like "to speak/can speak"
— Kevin Laprise🔌🤔 (@kevlap017) July 23, 2021
Funny. The only time(s) I am ever disappointed in myself is when I stop doing a BuzzFeed quiz.
(Oh what a difference infintive vs -ing makes 🙃)https://t.co/zImfjQslnd
— Platypus!!!!! (@Platypus4Ever) November 5, 2019
True or False?
In English, an infinitive verb has no tense and has not been conjugated.
How to use infinitive in a sentence
The infinitive form of the verb allows the subject—the builders doing the building—to lurk in the shadows, but they are always there.How to Build a Society for All to Enjoy - Issue 107: The Edge|Kathryn Paige Harden|September 29, 2021|Nautilus
Perhaps speke (better speken) is an infinitive in l. 350, but it may also be the pt.Chaucer's Works, Volume 1 (of 7) -- Romaunt of the Rose; Minor Poems|Geoffrey Chaucer
This ending terminates the past participles of verbs whose infinitive ends in e.Frdric Mistral|Charles Alfred Downer
An example of the present infinitive used after aprs (cf. il est parti aprs avoir bu un verre d'eau).
The use of tre for aller when followed by an infinitive is inelegant, though the construction is sometimes used by good writers.
Instead of the infinitive moods and plural numbers ending in -n as in Holland, the former end in -a, the latter in -ar.The Ethnology of the British Colonies and Dependencies|Robert Gordon Latham
British Dictionary definitions for infinitive
Derived forms of infinitiveinfinitival (ˌɪnfɪnɪˈtaɪvəl), adjectiveinfinitively or infinitivally, adverb
Cultural definitions for infinitive
The simple or dictionary form of a verb: walk, think, fly, exist. Often the word to marks a verb as an infinitive: “to walk,” “to think,” “to fly,” “to exist.”