inmate

[in-meyt]

noun

a person who is confined in a prison, hospital, etc.
Archaic. a person who dwells with others in the same house.

Origin of inmate

First recorded in 1580–90; in-1 + mate1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for inmate

inmate

noun

a person who is confined to an institution such as a prison or hospitalSee also resident (def. 2)
obsolete a person who lives with others in a house
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for inmate
n.

1580s, "one allowed to live in a house rented by another" (usually for a consideration), from in "inside" + mate "companion." Sense of "one confined to an institution" is first attested 1834.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper