inoculate

[ih-nok-yuh-leyt]
verb (used with object), in·oc·u·lat·ed, in·oc·u·lat·ing.
  1. to implant (a disease agent or antigen) in a person, animal, or plant to produce a disease for study or to stimulate disease resistance.
  2. to affect or treat (a person, animal, or plant) in this manner.
  3. to introduce (microorganisms) into surroundings suited to their growth, as a culture medium.
  4. to imbue (a person), as with ideas.
  5. Metallurgy. to treat (molten metal) chemically to strengthen the microstructure.
verb (used without object), in·oc·u·lat·ed, in·oc·u·lat·ing.
  1. to perform inoculation.

Origin of inoculate

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin inoculātus past participle of inoculāre to graft by budding, implant, equivalent to in- in-2 + -oculā- (stem of -oculāre to graft, derivative of oculus eye, bud) + -tus past participle suffix
Related formsin·oc·u·la·tive [ih-nok-yuh-ley-tiv, -yuh-luh-] /ɪˈnɒk yəˌleɪ tɪv, -yə lə-/, adjectivein·oc·u·la·tor, nounnon·in·oc·u·la·tive, adjectivere·in·oc·u·late, verb, re·in·oc·u·lat·ed, re·in·oc·u·lat·ing.self-in·oc·u·lat·ed, adjectiveun·in·oc·u·lat·ed, adjectiveun·in·oc·u·la·tive, adjective

Synonyms for inoculate

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for inoculator

Historical Examples of inoculator


British Dictionary definitions for inoculator

inoculate

verb
  1. to introduce (the causative agent of a disease) into the body of (a person or animal), in order to induce immunity
  2. (tr) to introduce (microorganisms, esp bacteria) into (a culture medium)
  3. (tr) to cause to be influenced or imbued, as with ideas or opinions
Derived Formsinoculation, nouninoculative, adjectiveinoculator, noun

Word Origin for inoculate

C15: from Latin inoculāre to implant, from in- ² + oculus eye, bud
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for inoculator

inoculate

v.

mid-15c., "implant a bud into a plant," from Latin inoculatus, past participle of inoculare "graft in, implant," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + oculus "bud," originally "eye" (see eye (n.)). Meaning "implant germs of a disease to produce immunity" first recorded (in inoculation) 1714, originally in reference to smallpox. After 1799, often used in sense of "to vaccine inoculate." Related: Inoculated; inoculating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

inoculator in Medicine

inoculate

[ĭ-nŏkyə-lāt′]
v.
  1. To introduce a serum, a vaccine, or an antigenic substance into the body of a person or an animal, especially as a means to produce or boost immunity to a specific disease.
  2. To implant microorganisms or infectious material into or on a culture medium.
  3. To communicate a disease to a living organism by transferring its causative agent into the organism.
Related formsin•ocu•la′tive adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.