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instruct

[in-struhkt]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to furnish with knowledge, especially by a systematic method; teach; train; educate.
  2. to furnish with orders or directions; direct; order; command: The doctor instructed me to diet.
  3. to furnish with information; inform; apprise.
  4. Law. (of a judge) to guide (a jury) by outlining the legal principles involved in the case under consideration.
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Origin of instruct

1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin instructus past participle of instruere to equip, train, set in order, equivalent to in- in-2 + struc- (variant stem of struere to put together) + -tus past participle suffix
Related formsin·struct·ed·ly, adverbin·struct·ed·ness, nounin·struct·i·ble, adjectivemis·in·struct, verb (used with object)o·ver·in·struct, verb (used with object)pre·in·struct, verb (used with object)qua·si-in·struct·ed, adjectivere·in·struct, verb (used with object)self-in·struct·ed, adjectiveself-in·struct·ing, adjectiveun·in·struct·i·ble, adjectiveun·in·struct·ing, adjectivewell-in·struct·ed, adjective

Synonym study

1. See teach.

Synonyms

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1. tutor, coach; drill, discipline; indoctrinate; school. 2. prescribe. 3. enlighten.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for instructible

instruct

verb (tr)
  1. to direct to do something; order
  2. to teach (someone) how to do (something)
  3. to furnish with information; apprise
  4. law, mainly British
    1. (esp of a client to his solicitor or a solicitor to a barrister) to give relevant facts or information to
    2. to authorize (a barrister or solicitor) to conduct a case on a person's behalfto instruct counsel
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Derived Formsinstructible, adjective

Word Origin

C15: from Latin instruere to construct, set in order, equip, teach, from struere to build
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for instructible

instruct

v.

early 15c., from Latin instructus, past participle of instruere "arrange, inform, teach," literally "to build, erect," from in- "on" (see in- (2)) + struere "to pile, build" (see structure (n.)). Related: Instructed; instructing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper