noun, plural jeal·ous·ies for 4.

jealous resentment against a rival, a person enjoying success or advantage, etc., or against another's success or advantage itself.
mental uneasiness from suspicion or fear of rivalry, unfaithfulness, etc., as in love or aims.
vigilance in maintaining or guarding something.
a jealous feeling, disposition, state, or mood.

Origin of jealousy

1175–1225; Middle English gelusie, jelosie < Old French gelosie, equivalent to gelos jealous + -ie -y3
Can be confusedenvy jealousy (see synonym study at envy)

Synonyms for jealousy

1. See envy. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for jealousy

Contemporary Examples of jealousy

Historical Examples of jealousy

  • The jealousy of the European powers, too, protects the Turk.

  • He should therefore smile at the futile attempt to excite his jealousy.

  • "Hamlet" is a drama of pathetic weakness, strengthened by a drama of revenge and jealousy.

  • All the magical phrases in the play are phrases of jealousy, passion, and pity.

  • Sidney's half-days at home were occasions for agonies of jealousy on Carlotta's part.


    Mary Roberts Rinehart

British Dictionary definitions for jealousy


noun plural -ousies

the state or quality of being jealous
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for jealousy

c.1200, of God; c.1300, of persons, from Old French jalousie "enthusiasm, love, longing, jealousy" (12c.), from jalos (see jealous). Meaning "zeal, fervor, devotion" is late 14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper