- any of a class of organic compounds containing a carbonyl group, CO, attached to two alkyl groups, as CH3COCH3 or CH3COC2H5.
- containing the ketone group.
Origin of ketone
1850–55; < German Keton, aphetic alteration of Aceton acetone
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for ketone
Ionone, a ketone first prepared by Tiemann, and having when diluted a pronounced violet odour.
Besides methyl salicylate, the oil contains triaconitane, an aldehyde or ketone, and an alcohol.
Even the common linseed contains a glucoside which breaks up into sugar, prussic acid, and a ketone.Poisons: Their Effects and Detection
Alexander Wynter Blyth
If the groups R and R′ are identical, the ketone is called a simple ketone, if unlike, a mixed ketone.
The hexoses all contain five alcoholic groups and one primary aldehyde, or one secondary aldehyde (ketone), group.The Chemistry of Plant Life
Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
- any of a class of compounds with the general formula R′COR, where R and R′ are alkyl or aryl groupsSee also acetone
C19: from German Keton, from Aketon acetone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for ketone
chemical group, 1851, from German keton, coined in 1848 by German chemist Leopold Gmelin (1788-1853) from German Aketon, from French acétone (see acetone). Its comb. form is keto-.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- Any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- Any of a class of organic compounds having the general formula RCOR′, where R and R′ are hydrocarbon radicals that are both attached to the carbon atom of the carbonyl (CO) group. Acetone is a ketone.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.