- a soft, conical cap given to a freed slave in ancient Rome at manumission of his servitude, used as a symbol of liberty, especially since the 18th century.
Compare Phrygian cap.
Origin of liberty cap
First recorded in 1795–1805
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for liberty cap
The men wear a tall, red, liberty-cap sort of a bonnet, its top-knot hanging down to the shoulder—always to the left.Castles and Chateaux of Old Navarre and the Basque Provinces
On the highest point in the center a fine flagstaff one hundred and twenty feet high was proudly crowned by a liberty-cap.A Backward Glance at Eighty
Charles A. Murdock
A liberty-cap, and a large well-made shield on which to lean, added to the picturesque effect.Betty's Happy Year
With a bursting heart, he snatched off his liberty-cap, threw it in the air, and cried: "Vive la République!"
But when it came to the liberty-cap, nothing would induce him to let it be placed on his head.
- a cap of soft felt worn as a symbol of liberty, esp during the French Revolution, from the practice in ancient Rome of giving a freed slave such a cap
- a poisonous hallucinogenic basidiomycetous fungus, Psilocybe semilanceata, yellowish-brown with a distinctive pointed cap, found in groups in grassland
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012