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Linnaeus, Carolus

[(li-nee-uhs, li-nay-uhs)]

A Swedish biologist of the eighteenth century. Linnaeus originated our present scheme of classification of living things. Linnaeus started the standard scientific practice of referring to animals and plants by genus and species whereby, for example, people are Homo sapiens and sugar maple trees are Acer saccharum.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.