- (loosely) petrology.
- the physical characteristics of a rock or stratigraphic unit.
Medicine/Medical. the study of the formation, pathology, and treatment of stones in the human body.
Origin of lithology
Related formslith·o·log·ic [lith-uh-loj-ik] /ˌlɪθ əˈlɒdʒ ɪk/, lith·o·log·i·cal, adjectivelith·o·log·i·cal·ly, adverb
First recorded in 1710–20; litho-
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for lithology
Historical Examples of lithology
The second year's work with lithology is carried on largely in the same way as with mineralogy.
It is nearly impossible to provide so abundantly, however, as for mineralogy and lithology.
His observations on the lithology of the deposits accumulated beneath the sea were of special interest and importance.
We might say that a 'young lady, eminent for great skill in lithology, famed as the discoverer,' etc.
Stone, as in lithology, the branch of medical science, relating to calculi or concretions.
British Dictionary definitions for lithology
Derived Formslithologic (ˌlɪθəˈlɒdʒɪk) or lithological, adjectivelithologically, adverblithologist, noun
the physical characteristics of a rock, including colour, composition, and texture
the study of rocks
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for lithology
study of rock-formation, 1716, from Modern Latin lithologia, from litho- + -logia (see -logy).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
The scientific study and description of rocks, especially at the macroscopic level, in terms of their color, texture, and composition.
The gross physical character of a rock or rock formation.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.