- (loosely) petrology.
- the physical characteristics of a rock or stratigraphic unit.
Origin of lithology
Examples from the Web for lithology
It is nearly impossible to provide so abundantly, however, as for mineralogy and lithology.
Stone, as in lithology, the branch of medical science, relating to calculi or concretions.Surgery, with Special Reference to Podiatry|Maximilian Stern
The second year's work with lithology is carried on largely in the same way as with mineralogy.
His observations on the lithology of the deposits accumulated beneath the sea were of special interest and importance.
We might say that a 'young lady, eminent for great skill in lithology, famed as the discoverer,' etc.Erema|R. D. Blackmore