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loath

or loth

[lohth, lohth]
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adjective
  1. unwilling; reluctant; disinclined; averse: to be loath to admit a mistake.
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Origin of loath

before 900; Middle English loth, lath, Old English lāth hostile, hateful; cognate with Dutch leed, German leid sorry, Old Norse leithr hateful
Related formsloath·ness, nouno·ver·loath, adjectiveun·loath, adjectiveun·loath·ly, adverb
Can be confusedloath loathe loathsome

Synonyms

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Antonyms

eager.

loathe

[lohth]
verb (used with object), loathed, loath·ing.
  1. to feel disgust or intense aversion for; abhor: I loathe people who spread malicious gossip.
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Origin of loathe

before 900; Middle English loth(i)en, lath(i)en, Old English lāthian, derivative of lāth loath
Related formsloath·er, nounun·loathed, adjective
Can be confusedloath loathe loathsome

Synonyms

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detest, abominate, hate.

Antonyms

like.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for loather

loathe

verb
  1. (tr) to feel strong hatred or disgust for
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Derived Formsloather, noun

Word Origin

Old English lāthiān, from loath

loath

loth

adjective
  1. (usually foll by to) reluctant or unwilling
  2. nothing loath willing
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Derived Formsloathness or lothness, noun

Word Origin

Old English lāth (in the sense: hostile); related to Old Norse leithr
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for loather

loath

adj.

Old English lað "hated; hateful; hostile; repulsive," from Proto-Germanic *laithaz (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian leth "loathsome," Old Norse leiðr "hateful, hostile, loathed;" Middle Dutch lelijc, Dutch leelijk "ugly;" Old High German leid "sorrowful, hateful, offensive, grievous," German Leid "sorrow;" French laid "ugly," from Frankish *laid), from PIE root *leit- "to detest."

Weakened meaning "averse, disinclined" is attested from late 14c. Loath to depart, a line from some long-forgotten song, is recorded since 1580s as a generic term expressive of any tune played at farewells, the sailing of a ship, etc. Related: Loathness.

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loathe

v.

Old English laðian "to hate, to be disgusted with," from lað "hostile" (see loath). Cognate with Old Saxon lethon, Old Norse leiða. Related: Loathed; loathing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper