loath

or loth

[lohth, lohth]

Origin of loath

before 900; Middle English loth, lath, Old English lāth hostile, hateful; cognate with Dutch leed, German leid sorry, Old Norse leithr hateful
Related formsloath·ness, nouno·ver·loath, adjectiveun·loath, adjectiveun·loath·ly, adverb
Can be confusedloath loathe loathsome

Synonyms for loath

Antonyms for loath

loathe

[lohth]
verb (used with object), loathed, loath·ing.
  1. to feel disgust or intense aversion for; abhor: I loathe people who spread malicious gossip.

Origin of loathe

before 900; Middle English loth(i)en, lath(i)en, Old English lāthian, derivative of lāth loath
Related formsloath·er, nounun·loathed, adjective
Can be confusedloath loathe loathsome

Synonyms for loathe

Antonyms for loathe

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


British Dictionary definitions for loather

loathe

verb
  1. (tr) to feel strong hatred or disgust for
Derived Formsloather, noun

Word Origin for loathe

Old English lāthiān, from loath

loath

loth

adjective
  1. (usually foll by to) reluctant or unwilling
  2. nothing loath willing
Derived Formsloathness or lothness, noun

Word Origin for loath

Old English lāth (in the sense: hostile); related to Old Norse leithr
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for loather

loath

adj.

Old English lað "hated; hateful; hostile; repulsive," from Proto-Germanic *laithaz (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian leth "loathsome," Old Norse leiðr "hateful, hostile, loathed;" Middle Dutch lelijc, Dutch leelijk "ugly;" Old High German leid "sorrowful, hateful, offensive, grievous," German Leid "sorrow;" French laid "ugly," from Frankish *laid), from PIE root *leit- "to detest."

Weakened meaning "averse, disinclined" is attested from late 14c. Loath to depart, a line from some long-forgotten song, is recorded since 1580s as a generic term expressive of any tune played at farewells, the sailing of a ship, etc. Related: Loathness.

loathe

v.

Old English laðian "to hate, to be disgusted with," from lað "hostile" (see loath). Cognate with Old Saxon lethon, Old Norse leiða. Related: Loathed; loathing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper