Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

lower1

[loh-er]
verb (used with object)
  1. to cause to descend; let or put down: to lower a flag.
  2. to make lower in height or level: to lower the water in a canal.
  3. to reduce in amount, price, degree, force, etc.
  4. to make less loud: Please lower your voice.
  5. to bring down in rank or estimation; degrade; humble; abase (oneself), as by some sacrifice of self-respect or dignity: His bad actions lowered him in my eyes.
  6. Music. to make lower in pitch; flatten.
  7. Phonetics. to alter the articulation of (a vowel) by increasing the distance of the tongue downward from the palate: The vowel of “clerk” is lowered to (ä) in the British pronunciation.
Show More
verb (used without object)
  1. to become lower, grow less, or diminish, as in amount, intensity, or degree: The brook lowers in early summer. Stock prices rise and lower constantly.
  2. to descend; sink: the sun lowering in the west.
Show More
adjective
  1. comparative of low1.
  2. of or relating to those portions of a river farthest from the source.
  3. (often initial capital letter) Stratigraphy. noting an early division of a period, system, or the like: the Lower Devonian.
Show More
noun
  1. a denture for the lower jaw.
  2. a lower berth.
Show More

Origin of lower1

1150–1200; Middle English, comparative of low1 (adj.)
Related formslow·er·a·ble, adjective

Synonyms

Antonyms

lower2

[lou-er, louuhr]
verb (used without object)
  1. to be dark and threatening, as the sky or the weather.
  2. to frown, scowl, or look sullen; glower: He lowers at people when he's in a bad mood.
Show More
noun
  1. a dark, threatening appearance, as of the sky or weather.
  2. a frown or scowl.
Show More
Also lour.

Origin of lower2

1250–1300; Middle English lour (noun), louren (v.) to frown, lurk; akin to German lauern, Dutch loeren

Synonyms

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

depress, drop, reduce, sink, pare, cut, soften, lessen, devalue, decrease, slash, downgrade, diminish, curtail, depreciate, junior, reduced, minor, low, subordinate

Examples from the Web for lowers

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • It lowers my hope of a better and more equitable form of society.

  • I didn't want to exhibit it, as it lowers one to do so, and Naudet also opposed it.

    His Masterpiece

    Emile Zola

  • Lowers plum to mouth, imitating eating, tapping the chest the while.

    Dramatized Rhythm Plays

    John N. Richards

  • A woman must understand that she lowers herself by belittling her sisters.

    The Choice of Life

    Georgette Leblanc

  • She stops, gives me a quick look and then turns red and lowers her eyes.

    The Choice of Life

    Georgette Leblanc


British Dictionary definitions for lowers

lower1

adjective
  1. being below one or more other thingsthe lower shelf; the lower animals
  2. reduced in amount or valuea lower price
  3. maths (of a limit or bound) less than or equal to one or more numbers or variables
  4. (sometimes capital) geology denoting the early part or division of a period, system, formation, etcLower Silurian
Show More
verb
  1. (tr) to cause to become low or on a lower level; bring, put, or cause to move down
  2. (tr) to reduce or bring down in estimation, dignity, value, etcto lower oneself
  3. to reduce or be reducedto lower one's confidence
  4. (tr) to make quieterto lower the radio
  5. (tr) to reduce the pitch of
  6. (tr) phonetics to modify the articulation of (a vowel) by bringing the tongue further away from the roof of the mouth
  7. (intr) to diminish or become less
Show More
Derived Formslowerable, adjective

Word Origin

C12 (comparative of low 1); C17 (vb)

lower2

lour

verb (intr)
  1. (esp of the sky, weather, etc) to be overcast, dark, and menacing
  2. to scowl or frown
Show More
noun
  1. a menacing scowl or appearance
Show More
Derived Formslowering or louring, adjectiveloweringly or louringly, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for lowers

lower

v.1

c.1600, "to descend, sink," from lower (adj.), from Middle English lahghere (c.1200), comparative of low (adj.). Transitive meaning "to let down, to cause to descend" attested from 1650s. Related: Lowered; lowering. In the sense "to cause to descend" the simple verb low (Middle English lahghenn, c.1200) was in use into the 18c.

Show More

lower

v.2

"to look dark and threatening," also lour, Middle English louren, luren "to frown" (early 13c.), "to lurk" (mid-15c.), from Old English *luran or from its cognates, Middle Low German luren, Middle Dutch loeren "lie in wait." Form perhaps assimilated to lower (1). Related: Lowered; lowering.

Show More

lower

adj.

c.1200, lahre, comparative of lah (see low (adj.)).

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

lowers in Science

lower

[lōər]
  1. Being an earlier division of the geological or archaeological period named. Compare upper.
Show More
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.