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  1. New Testament. riches or material wealth. Matt. 6:24; Luke 16:9,11,13.
  2. (often initial capital letter) a personification of riches as an evil spirit or deity.
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Origin of mammon

1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin < Greek mam(m)ōnâs < Aramaic māmōnā riches
Related formsmam·mon·ish, adjective


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1. possessions, money, gold.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for mammon


  1. riches or wealth regarded as a source of evil and corruption
  2. avarice or greed
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Derived Formsmammonish, adjectivemammonism, nounmammonist or mammonite, nounmammonistic, adjective

Word Origin

C14: via Late Latin from New Testament Greek mammōnas, from Aramaic māmōnā wealth


  1. New Testament the personification of riches and greed in the form of a false god
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for mammon



"personification of wealth," mid-14c., from Late Latin mammona, from Greek mamonas, from Aramaic mamona, mamon "riches, gain;" left untranslated in Greek New Testament (e.g. Matt. vi:24, Luke xvi:9-13) retained in the Vulgate, and regarded mistakenly by medieval Christians as the name of a demon.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

mammon in Culture


A New Testament expression for material wealth, which some people worship as a god. Figuratively, it simply means money.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.