• synonyms


or mat·trass

[ma-truh s]
noun Chemistry.
  1. a rounded, long-necked glass container, formerly used for distilling and dissolving substances.
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Origin of matrass

1595–1605; < French matras, perhaps < Arabic maṭarah leather bottle < Greek metrētḗs a liquid measure
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for matrass

Historical Examples

  • The process being terminated, the matrass will contain about 43 fl.

    Cooley's Practical Receipts, Volume II

    Arnold Cooley

  • Iodine, 17 parts; zinc (in powder), 20 parts; mix, and sublime in a matrass.

  • The most simple distilling vessel is a species of bottle or matrass, A, Pl.

    Elements of Chemistry,

    Antoine Lavoisier

  • In chemical laboratories, this process is usually carried on in a matrass A, Pl.

    Elements of Chemistry,

    Antoine Lavoisier

  • This vehicle contained several invalids, two of whom were reclining on a matrass laid along the bottom.

    The South-West

    Jonathon Holt Ingraham

British Dictionary definitions for matrass



  1. chem obsolete a long-necked glass flask, used for distilling, dissolving substances, etc
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Word Origin

C17: from French, perhaps related to Latin mētiri to measure
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012