Electricity. the total opposition to alternating current by an electric circuit, equal to the square root of the sum of the squares of the resistance and reactance of the circuit and usually expressed in ohms. Symbol: Z

Also called mechanical impedance.Physics. the ratio of the force on a system undergoing simple harmonic motion to the velocity of the particles in the system.

British Dictionary definitions for mechanical-impedance

impedance

noun

a measure of the opposition to the flow of an alternating current equal to the square root of the sum of the squares of the resistance and the reactance, expressed in ohmsSymbol: Z

a component that offers impedance

Also called: acoustic impedancethe ratio of the sound pressure in a medium to the rate of alternating flow of the medium through a specified surface due to the sound waveSymbol: Z a

Also called: mechanical impedancethe ratio of the mechanical force, acting in the direction of motion, to the velocity of the resulting vibrationSymbol: Z m

A measure of the opposition to the flow of alternating current through a circuit. Impedance is measured in ohms. The resistance of a circuit to direct current (also measured in ohms) is generally not the same as its impedance, due to the effects of capacitance and induction in and among the components of the circuit. See also impedance matching.