[ mel-uh n-koh-lee-uh, -kohl-yuh ]
/ ˌmɛl ənˈkoʊ li ə, -ˈkoʊl yə /


a mental condition characterized by great depression of spirits and gloomy forebodings.
Psychiatry. endogenous depression.

Origin of melancholia

From Late Latin, dating back to 1685–95; see origin at melancholy Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Examples from the Web for melancholia

British Dictionary definitions for melancholia

/ (ˌmɛlənˈkəʊlɪə) /


a former name for depression

Derived forms of melancholia

melancholiac, adjective, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for melancholia

[ mĕl′ən-kōlē-ə ]


A mental disorder characterized by depression, apathy, and withdrawal.

Other words from melancholia

mel′an•choli•ac (-lē-ăk′) adj. n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.