[ men-dl ]

  1. Gre·gor Jo·hann [greg-er yoh-hahn; German grey-gawr-yoh-hahn], /ˈgrɛg ər ˈyoʊ hɑn; German ˈgreɪ gɔr ˈyoʊ hɑn/, 1822–84, Austrian monk and botanist.

  2. a male given name, form of Mandel.

Words Nearby Mendel Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use Mendel in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for Mendel


/ (ˈmɛndəl) /

  1. Gregor Johann (ˈɡreːɡɔr joˈhan). 1822–84, Austrian monk and botanist; founder of the science of genetics. He developed his theory of organic inheritance from his experiments on the hybridization of green peas. His findings were published (1865) but remained unrecognized until 1900: See Mendel's laws

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for Mendel


[ mĕndl ]

  1. Austrian botanist and founder of the science of genetics. He formulated the important principles, known as Mendel's laws, that form the basis of modern genetics.

biography For Mendel

In 1851 Austrian monk Gregor Mendel was sent by his monastery to the University of Vienna to study mathematics and science. Upon his return in 1854, be began teaching science, and several years later he began his now-famous series of hybridization experiments with garden peas in the monastery's small garden. There Mendel cross-pollinated plants of different sizes and shapes as well as plants that produced different colored flowers or peas. Analyzing each generation of new plants, he observed that some characteristics remained constant (or dominant) in every generation, while others remained hidden (or recessive), appearing only in later generations. Mendel called the units of inheritance factors and proved that two such factors, one from each parent, exist for each trait. A dominant trait requires only one factor for it to appear, but a recessive trait requires both. We now call the units of inheritance genes, and we know that each gene, which is composed of a DNA sequence, occupies a specific place on the chromosome. Although Mendel's rules of inheritance were published in 1865 in his article “Versuche über Pflanzenhybriden” (“Experiments with Plant Hybrids”), his work was ignored until 1900, when it was rediscovered by the Dutch botanist Hugo de Vries (1878-1918).

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