See under syllogism(def 1).
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Origin of middle term
First recorded in 1595–1605
Words nearby middle term
Definition for middle term (2 of 2)
[ sil-uh-jiz-uh m ]
/ ˈsɪl əˌdʒɪz əm /
Logic. an argument the conclusion of which is supported by two premises, of which one (major premise) contains the term (major term) that is the predicate of the conclusion, and the other (minor premise) contains the term (minor term) that is the subject of the conclusion; common to both premises is a term (middle term) that is excluded from the conclusion. A typical form is “All A is C; all B is A; therefore all B is C.”
an extremely subtle, sophisticated, or deceptive argument.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020
Example sentences from the Web for middle term
Correggio a middle-term between the various Italian schools; "Most skilful artist since the ancient Greeks."The Century of Columbus|James J. Walsh
British Dictionary definitions for middle term (1 of 2)
logic the term that appears in both the major and minor premises of a syllogism, but not in the conclusionAlso called: mean, middle
British Dictionary definitions for middle term (2 of 2)
/ (ˈsɪləˌdʒɪzəm) /
a deductive inference consisting of two premises and a conclusion, all of which are categorial propositions. The subject of the conclusion is the minor term and its predicate the major term; the middle term occurs in both premises but not the conclusion. There are 256 such arguments but only 24 are valid. Some men are mortal; some men are angelic; so some mortals are angelic is invalid, while some temples are in ruins; all ruins are fascinating; so some temples are fascinating is valid. Here fascinating, in ruins, and temples are respectively major, middle, and minor terms
a deductive inference of certain other forms with two premises, such as the hypothetical syllogism, if P then Q; if Q then R; so if P then R
a piece of deductive reasoning from the general to the particular
a subtle or deceptive piece of reasoning
Word Origin for syllogism
C14: via Latin from Greek sullogismos, from sullogizesthai to reckon together, from sul- syn- + logizesthai to calculate, from logos a discourse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012