- (in metaphysics) any of various theories holding that there is only one basic substance or principle as the ground of reality, or that reality consists of a single element.Compare dualism(def 2), pluralism(def 1a).
- (in epistemology) a theory that the object and datum of cognition are identical.Compare pluralism(def 1b).
Examples from the Web for monism
This is especially true of the word "materialism," which is often wrongly taken to be synonymous with monism.
We may, therefore, usefully consider the idea of naturalism, and point out in what sense we accept it and identify it with monism.
English translation, by J. Gilchrist, with the title of Monism.
Idealism is simply a monism the essential law of which is conceived as mental, as pertaining to the intelligence or to the will.
Monism, in our judgment, should be neither transcendent nor mystical, but immanent and naturalistic.
British Dictionary definitions for monism
Word Origin for monism
Word Origin and History for monism
"the philosophical doctrine that there is only one principle," 1862, from Modern Latin monismus, from Greek monos "alone" (see mono-). First used in German by German philosopher Baron Christian von Wolff (1679-1754).
Culture definitions for monism
A position in metaphysics that sees only one kind of principle whereas dualism sees two. On the question of whether people's minds are distinct from their bodies, for example, a monist would hold either that mental conditions are essentially physical conditions (materialism), or that bodies depend on minds for their existence (idealism).