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morpheme

[ mawr-feem ]
/ ˈmɔr fim /
SEE MORE SYNONYMS FOR morpheme ON THESAURUS.COM

noun Linguistics.

any of the minimal grammatical units of a language, each constituting a word or meaningful part of a word, that cannot be divided into smaller independent grammatical parts, as the, write, or the -ed of waited.Compare allomorph(def 2), morph(def 1).

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Nearby words

morph-, morph., morphactin, morphallaxis, morphea, morpheme, morpheme structure condition, morphemics, morpheus, morphia, morphic

Origin of morpheme

1895–1900; < French morphème; see morph-, -eme
Related formsmor·phe·mic, adjectivemor·phe·mi·cal·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for morpheme

morpheme

/ (ˈmɔːfiːm) /

noun

linguistics a speech element having a meaning or grammatical function that cannot be subdivided into further such elements
Derived Formsmorphemic, adjectivemorphemically, adverb

Word Origin for morpheme

C20: from French, from Greek morphē form, coined on the model of phoneme; see -eme
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for morpheme

morpheme


n.

"part of a word which contains the affixes," 1896, from German morpheme, coined 1895 by Polish-born linguist Jan Baudouin de Courtenay (1845–1929), from Greek morphe "form, shape" (see Morpheus), on analogy of phonème.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper