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Nanjing

or Nan·ching, Nan·king

[nahn-jing]
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noun Pinyin.
  1. a port in and the capital of Jiangsu province, in E China, on the Chang Jiang: a former capital of China.
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Jiangsu

[jyahng-sy]
noun Pinyin.
  1. a maritime province in E China. 40,927 sq. mi. (106,001 sq. km). Capital: Nanjing.
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Also Kiangsu.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for nanjing

Nanjing

Nanking (ˈnænˈkɪŋ) or Nan-ching

noun
  1. a port in E central China, capital of Jiangsu province, on the Yangtze River: capital of the Chinese empire and a literary centre from the 14th to 17th centuries; capital of Nationalist China (1928–37); site of a massacre of about 300 000 civilians by the invading Japanese army in 1937; university (1928). Pop: 2 806 000 (2005 est)
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Jiangsu

Kiangsu

noun
  1. a province of E China, on the Yellow Sea: consists mostly of the marshy delta of the Yangtze River, with some of China's largest cities and most densely populated areas. Capital: Nanjing. Pop: 74 060 000 (2003 est). Area: 102 200 sq km (39 860 sq miles)
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

nanjing in Culture

Nanjing

City in eastern China on the Yangtze River, northeast of Shanghai; an industrial and transportation center.

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Note

China's imperial capital on several occasions, it was made capital of the Republic of China by Sun Yat-sen in 1912 after the Chinese Revolution, by Nationalist forces of Chiang Kai-shek from 1928 to 1937, and again from 1946 to 1949.

Note

During the Second Sino-Japanese War in the 1930s, Nanjing was the scene of a Japanese massacre (the Rape of Nanking) and became the seat of a puppet regime established by the Japanese.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.