[noun nahy-treyt, -trit; verb nahy-treyt]
- to treat with nitric acid or a nitrate.
- to convert into a nitrate.
Origin of nitrate
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for nitration
Starch yields the hexanitrate (C12) by both methods of nitration.Researches on Cellulose
C. F. Cross
The chief stipulation for dynamite glycerine is its behaviour in the nitration test.The Handbook of Soap Manufacture
W. H. Simmons
The pyroligneous acid obtained, is generally clear, after nitration, and of a dark brown colour.The Preparation of Plantation Rubber
Nitration of benzoic acid gives chiefly meta-nitro-benzoic acid.
Cacao butter runs hot from the presses as an amber-coloured oil, and after nitration, sets to a pale golden yellow wax-like fat.Cocoa and Chocolate
Arthur W. Knapp
- any salt or ester of nitric acid, such as sodium nitrate, NaNO 3
- a fertilizer consisting of or containing nitrate salts
- (tr) to treat with nitric acid or a nitrate
- to convert or be converted into a nitrate
- to undergo or cause to undergo the chemical process in which a nitro group is introduced into a molecule
Word Origin and History for nitration
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- The univalent radical NO3.
- A compound containing such a radical, such as a salt or ester of nitric acid.
- To treat with nitric acid or a nitrate, usually to change an organic compound into a nitrate.
- A salt or ester of nitric acid, containing the group NO3. Nitrates dissolve extremely easily in water and are an important component of the nitrogen cycle. Compare nitrite.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.